Sea and coastal plant and animal life
Málaga coast is home to the greatest biodiversity in the Mediterranean area as well as in European seas. This is because this is a strategic biogeographic spot with plenty of the species from the European part of the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean species, as well as those from the subtropics in Northeast Africa, and endemic species which are typical in the area connected to the Strait of Gibraltar.
Due to the varied landscape composed of beaches, cliffs, river mouths, marshes and dunes, as well as some significant ecosystems such as corals in the rocky terrain or sea Phanerogamae in sandy ground, there are many different plants and animals of all kinds: land, sea, sedentary and migratory ones. This is an ideal place for them to settle, build nests, or just spend some time there until they become strong enough to finish their journey.
Round 60 different plant communities have been distinguished. They consist of varied emblematic, unique, protected or endangered species (round 80).
To sum up, we can say that there are more than 100 different sea birds, more than 30 coast plants, more than 15 different cetaceans, four kinds of turtles, three kinds of sea Phanerogamae, more than 200 fish kinds, more than 500 sea invertebrates, such as mollusc, crustaceans, echinodermata, Coelenterata, Polychaeta, Bryozoa, sponges and more than 150 seaweed species.