Archaeological sites are places where a concentration of archaeological ruins (objects, buildings and the remains of environmental systems) can be found. The ruins of man-made buildings can be found there as well as devices, structures, floors and some other ‘anomalies’ which can be perceived in this kind of zones. The ruins can be observed right on the surface or by digging in the ground.
Málaga's Coast was visited by numerous civilizations, some of which left their traces. Some of the sites, which cannot be all visited by tourists, as well as their location and functions will follow.
- Cerro de Los Castillejos (a hill in Manilva). This Heritage of Cultural Interest is one of the ten most impoprtant sites from the late Bronze Age in Andalucía. The ruins formed part of a fortress from the 8th century BC.
- Baños de la Hedionda (Casares). These Roman baths, which were refurbished by Arabs, have sulphurous water rich in iron.
- Fortress and Arab Wall Ruins (Casares). You can access the fortress through Puerta de la Villa entrance which is at the top of the village.
- Las Torres Site (Estepona). This is an archaeological site with an old Roman villa.
- Site at Parque Antena (Estepona). This is a place where a centre of a Roman town can be found.
- An early-Cristian Basílica (Marbella, close to the beach). This is one of the most important sites in Spain. The foundations of the basilica, as well as a cemetery can be found together with some items of archaeological importance, such as earthenware vessels, jewels and coins, which can be related to funerals.
- Roman Villa at the Río Verde River Banks (Marbella). These ruins have its origins in the 1st century AD. Some pieces of pottery, marble and metal objects can be found there. Its floor represents mosaics made of tiny color pieces called 'tesellae'.
- Guadalmina Hot Baths. This historical and art monument is places in Linda Vista Residencial Zone in San Pedro de Alcántara in Marbella. There are also baths from the beginning of the Roman Empire.
- Finca del Secretario Farmstead (Fuengirola). This site on the right riverbank of the Pajares Stream contains Roman ruins. Some finest objects, such as the Venus of Fuengirola and farming tools, as well as baths were found there.
- Torreblanca del Sol (Fuengirola). at this place the ruins of Roman baths from the 1st century, food factory from the 4th century and Visigothic cemetery can be found.
- Casa de la Viña (Vélez-Málaga), La Axarquía. Here, you can see a watchtower, a farmhouse, and a grave.
- Trayamar Cemetery (Algarrobo) This is the most important Palaeo-Punic necropolis in the occidental part of the Mediterranean. The ruins come from the 7th century BC. The jewels and other funeral objects are in the Archaeological Museum of the Province of Málaga.
- Roman Ruins in Torrox. This is an archaeological complex from the period between the 1st and the 4th century AD in Faro de Torrox, where Castillo Bajo (Lower Castle) used to be found. It consisted of hot baths, houses with mosaics and ovens made of clay which were used to produce amphorae for making sauces and salted fish for fishing factories, whose pools were used in the later cemetery. The part which can be visited today, consists of several rooms that are distributed around a small atrium.
- La Alcazaba (the Citadel in the City of Málaga). The citadel was built in the 11th century and it is one of the most important military buildings from the Muslims reign in Spain. It is formed by two walled parts, Nazarite kings' palace, caliph arcade and a tower which is currently the head office of the Archaeological Museum of the Province.
- Gibralfaro Castle (the City of Málaga). This fortress dates back to the 14th century and it was built to protect the citadel. Inside of it is the Interpretation Centre. It also embraces wells, ovens for bread making, and some old munition dumps.
- Roman Theatre at the bottom of the Alcazaba in Málaga. It still preserves a room called 'proscaenium', where the entrance to this part is, the ruins of the part called ‘orchestra', a big part of the theatre with thirteen rows and the 'vomitorium'.